In this work, we aim to predict the future motion of vehicles in a traffic scene by explicitly modeling their pairwise interactions. Specifically, we propose a graph neural network that jointly predicts the discrete interaction modes and 5-second future trajectories for all agents in the scene. Our model infers an interaction graph whose nodes are agents and whose edges capture the long-term interaction intents among the agents. In order to train the model to recognize known modes of interaction, we introduce an auto-labeling function to generate ground truth interaction labels. Using a large-scale real-world driving dataset, we demonstrate that jointly predicting the trajectories along with the explicit interaction types leads to significantly lower trajectory error than baseline methods. Finally, we show through simulation studies that the learned interaction modes are semantically meaningful.
Donsuk Lee, Yiming Gu, Jerrick Hoang, Micol Marchetti-Bowick